Aadi Perukku

Aadi Perukku is a festival of fertility & prosperity being celebrated in South India for over 500 years. It was mentioned in Sangam Tamil literature, Paripadal, written in the 14th century about the celebration of this festival. I like to quote a few lines from Paripadal so that we could get a glimpse of how this festival was celebrated in those days. If you are interested to read those Sangam Tamil verses, you can visit here.

aru Aadi Perukku
Aadi Perukku a few centuries ago
(Illustration Courtesy: Google)

“Women getting ready to bathe in the river urging their men to dress in festive clothing befitting the day;

Women carry incense, flowers, offerings & fire when the flood waters come to Vaigai river.”


In those days Aadiperukku was celebrated with fun & fervor in the river basins especially in the Cauvery, Vaigai & Thamiraparani rivers. It was also mentioned that even kings visited the river banks along with his men, horses & elephants and indulged in punalattam (water sports).

river-basin Aadi Perukku
Courtesy: Google

According to the Hindu Mythology rivers have been treated as sacred waters as it brings prosperity to the entire region. In those days swelling rivers during monsoon were viewed as if the river Goddess were pregnant. So women (particularly newly married) offer sweet & sour goodies, that are generally liked by the pregnant women, to the flooded rivers seeking the blessings of the Goddess.

adiperukku-festival-in-river-basins Aadi Perukku
Aadi Perukku today
(Courtesy: Google)

Chitrannam for Aadi Perukku:

Nowadays, Aadi Perukku is celebrated as a festival that brings prosperity. So farmers sow their seeds and people venture into new businesses wishing prosperity. We prepare chithrannam (a variety of rice dishes of various flavors) on this day and offer them to the Goddess by immersing them into the river.

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Chitrannam for Aadi Perukku

Here I have prepared the traditional chithrannam consisting of sweet Pongal, tamarind rice, coconut rice, mango rice & curd rice. I served them with suitable accompaniments like a stir-fried potato with peas, paruppu vadai, appalam, vadagam & lemon pickle. We also serve a glass of buttermilk, banana, paan (betel leaves stuffed with gulkand, a sweetened rose petals preserve) as a part of our festive meal. You may also check out my other chithrannam platter here:

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You may click on the links for the recipes of sakkarai pongal, puliyodharai & thayir sadam and refer to the slideshows below that are self-explanatory for the remaining recipes:

Coconut Rice

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Mango Rice

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Stir-fried potato with peas

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  1. Wow, I love all these varieties of rice, so delicious! Lovely pics Megala

  2. Wonderful I love how rich your culture and food cuisine is, that 1 banana plate consists of so many flavors keep it up Megala✋❤️

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