Jackfruit Biryani (Faux Mutton Biryani)

Born into a family of vegetarians I am totally clueless about the flavors of meat of any kind and hence I used to wonder what makes people to have cravings for meat. So I have been looking for vegetable substitutes for meat, and then started trying out the most popular meat-based recipes like biryani, kebab, kurma, etc. using those vegetable substitutes. Earlier I used fleshy soy meat for making biryani. Lately, I came to know that raw jackfruit is a better substitute than textured soya for its fibrous meat-like texture and mildly sweet flavour, and I have tried jackfruit biryani.

jb3 Jackfruit Biryani (Faux Mutton Biryani)
Jackfruit biryani

When raw jackfruit is cut into large chunks and used along with flavorful spices, it is almost impossible to differentiate the meat & raw jackfruit even by the die-hard meat lovers. Hence it is largely beneficial to people who switched to vegan diet to satisfy their cravings for meat.

jb9 Jackfruit Biryani (Faux Mutton Biryani)
Jackfruit biryani with raita

Raw jackfruit Vs meat:

  • Raw jackfruit is an inexpensive produce that can be used to replace almost any type of meat.
  • It is super easy & super fast to cook this vegetable compared to meat.
  • Since raw jackfruit recipes have less calories compared to meat recipes, it is useful for people on the weight-loss diet.
  • Raw jackfruits are easily digestible than meat.
  • It is a lot more easier & cheaper to grow jackfruit trees than raising livestock in a farm.
jb4 Jackfruit Biryani (Faux Mutton Biryani)
Palaa maram

Jackfruit biryani (palakkai biryani) recipe:


  1. Basmati rice – 1 cup
  2. Water – 2 cups (400 ml)
  3. Any neutral oil – ¼ cup (50 ml)
  4. Bay leaf – 1 No.
  5. Star anise – 1 No.
  6. Cashew nuts (mundhri) – 15 Nos.
  7. Raisins (dhratchai) – 25 Nos.
  8. Onion – 1 No. (large)
  9. Tomatoes – 2 Nos.
  10. Turmeric powder – ½ tsp
  11. Red chilli powder – 1 tsp (I used Kashmiri chilli powder here for its vibrant red color)
  12. Salt – 1 tsp

For marinade:

  1. Raw jackfruit (palakkai) – 1 No. (small)
  2. Red chilli powder – ½ tsp
  3. Turmeric powder – ¼ tsp
  4. Salt – ¼ tsp
  5. Lemon juice – 1 tsp

For biryani masala:

  1. Cinnamon stick (pattai) – ½” piece
  2. Cloves (krambu) – 6 Nos.
  3. Green cardamom (yelakkai) – 2 Nos.
  4. Ginger – 1″ piece
  5. Garlic – 10 Nos.
  6. Shallots (sambar vengayam) – 20 Nos.
  7. Mint leaves – a handful
jfb Jackfruit Biryani (Faux Mutton Biryani)

Mise en place:

  • Peel the skin of raw jackfruit and chop roughly into large chunks.
  • Sprinkle chilli powder, turmeric powder, salt and lemon juice over the jackfruit pieces.
  • Toss them together and set aside for at least 30 min until marinated.
jfb2 Jackfruit Biryani (Faux Mutton Biryani)
How to marinade raw jackfruit
  • Wash rice & soak in 400 ml of water and set aside.
  • Slice onion lengthwise & dice tomatoes.
jfb6 Jackfruit Biryani (Faux Mutton Biryani)
  • Grind all ingredients for biryani masala into a smooth paste without adding water.
jfb1 Jackfruit Biryani (Faux Mutton Biryani)
Biryani masala

How to prepare jackfruit biryani:

  • Heat a heavy bottom pressure cooker with oil in medium flame.
  • Add bay leaf & cinnamon stick and fry for 5 seconds.
  • Add sliced onion, cashew nuts and raisins.
  • Sauté until onion slices turn translucent.
  • Add turmeric powder & red chilli powder and fry for 10 seconds.
  • Add diced tomatoes and ground masala together.#
  • Add salt (¼ tsp) and sauté until they turn mushy & oil begins to ooze out.
  • Now add marinated chunks & salt (¼ tsp) and sauté until they are soft & infused with masala.
  • Pour water used for soaking into the cooker and bring it to a boil in high flame.
  • Add soaked rice and salt (½ tsp).
  • Close the pressure cooker and simmer for 10 minutes.
  • Remove from heat.
  • When the pressure is released, pour (1 tsp) of ghee over the cooked rice and close the cooker for 5 min allowing the aroma of ghee nicely permeated into biryani.
  • Mix gently with a wooden spatula.
  • Transfer to a hot casserole.
  • Serve spicy juicy biryani with raitha.
jb Jackfruit Biryani (Faux Mutton Biryani)
Jackfruit biryani recipe

#If we add tomatoes & ground masala (like ginger-garlic paste) together, the moisture in tomatoes prevents the masala stick to the pan.

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